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香具香炉

读书以香为友,独处以香为伴;
衣需香熏,被需香暖;
公堂之上以香烘托其庄严,
松阁之下以香装点其儒雅。
调弦抚琴,清香一炷可佐其心而导其韵;
品茗论道,书画会友,无香何以为聚?
这就是古时文人与香。

古代君子有四雅——斗香、品茗、插花、挂画,其中以对香品的熟练掌握为才艺之首。古人流传至今的香文化,内涵丰富,其香品、香具、用香、咏香也多姿多彩、趣意盎然。
唐代李密喜欢独自一人携香具香品入山岭之中,选一平坦之地,席地而坐,焚香后让香气与山中的树木清香融为一体,“舒啸情怀,感悟天地之理” 。
明代画家文震亨《长物志》描述焚香情形:“于日坐几上,置倭台几方大者一,上置炉,香合大者一,置生熟香;小者二,置沉香、香饼之类;瓶一。斋中不可用二炉,不可置于挨画桌上,及瓶盒对列。夏日宜用瓷炉,冬日用铜炉。”
可见焚香已经成为一种生活方式。这里也可看到文人对沉香用具的讲究以及沉香品类的多样化。下面就带大家了解下香具的分类及用途。

香具是使用香品时所需要的一些器皿用具,也称为香器(严格说来,制香时使用的工具称为“香器”,用香时的工具称为“香具”)。除了最常见的香炉之外,还有手炉、香斗、香筒(即香笼)、卧炉、薰球(即香球)、香插、香盘、香盒、 香夹、香箸、香铲、香匙、香囊等。造型丰富的香具,既是为了便于使用不同类型的香品,同时也是一些美观的饰物。

Reading with fragrance as a friend, alone with fragrance as a companion; clothes need fragrance, be warmed by fragrance; above the public hall with fragrance to foil its solemnity, under the Matsushita with fragrance to decorate its elegance. Tune the string and play the piano, the fragrance of a Bing can help its heart and guide its rhyme; on tea, painting and calligraphy, why do you gather without fragrance? This is the ancient literati and fragrance. Ancient gentlemen have four elegance – fighting fragrance, tasting tea, arranging flowers and hanging pictures, among which the mastery of fragrance is the first talent. The fragrance culture handed down by the ancients to this day has rich connotations, and its fragrances, perfumery, incense and chanting are also colorful and interesting. In Tang Dynasty, Li Mi liked to bring fragrances into the mountains alone, choose a flat place, sit on the ground, burn fragrance and make the fragrance merge with the fragrance of trees in the mountains, “soothe the whistling feelings, feel the reason of heaven and earth”. The Ming Dynasty painter Wen Zhenheng’s Records of Long Things describes incense burning: “Sitting on a few tables in the sun, putting one of the big ones in Nitai, putting a stove on it, one of the big ones in fragrance harmony, putting ripe incense; the small one, putting such as aloes and incense cakes; the bottle one.” Two stoves are not allowed in the studio, and they should not be placed on the drawing table, in line with the bottle boxes. Porcelain stoves should be used in summer and copper stoves in winter. So incense burning has become a way of life. Here we can also see that scholars pay attention to the aromatic appliances and the variety of aromatic products. Below we will take you to understand the classification and use of perfume. Perfume utensils are some utensils needed for the use of fragrances, also known as fragrance utensils (strictly speaking, the tools used in fragrance making are called “fragrance utensils”, and the tools used in fragrance making are called “fragrance utensils”. In addition to the most common incense burners, there are also hand stoves, buckets, incense pots (incense cages), bedding stoves, Lavender balls (incense balls), perfume cuttings, incense trays, incense boxes, incense clips, incense sticks, shovels, spoons, sachets and so on. The ragrances with rich shapes are not only for the convenience of using different types of fragrances, but also for some beautiful ornaments.